Its origins date back to the 17th century, when the first mining works began, around which the settlement developed. In the first years of the 20th century the number of inhabitants reached about 3,000 people, almost a third of whom were employed on the various sites of the mining complex. The activity ceased in the 1980s.

In the upper part of the village is the church dedicated to St. Barbara. Still today the inhabitants of Nebida keep the cult of the patron saint of miners alive: the traditional procession in her honour is held every year.